Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. 1 Samuel 31:11-12. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. a. Businessmen, diplomats, teachers, missionaries, and others were confined all together in substandard quarters. Glory to God, He always has His valiant men! Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. 1-samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 10. to the wall--( 2 Samuel 21:12 )--"the street" of Beth-shan. a. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and those who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. b. They are then interwoven in a very careful manner, so that every event is covered in a way that does not appear … See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. a. Indeed, he had been told by Samuel not long ago: “For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. Jesus knew this same principle would be used against His own disciples: Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’” (Mark 14:27). We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. c. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead: In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is the product of almost sixty-five years of ministry and devotion to one's calling Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" The battle became intense against Saul: Saul, struck by many arrows and severely wounded, knew the battle was completely lost. Taking advantage of the heights of Mount Gilboa, [the Israelites] attempted to rally, but in vain. In the way most people think of suicide, Saul’s death was not suicide. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. Then Saul said to his armorbearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.” But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. 31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His valiant men. 28.) i. And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled (1 Samuel 28:5). This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be. i. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. But his armour-bearer would not, for he was sore afraid — He dreaded to think of killing his king. b. Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? THE PHILISTINES TRIUMPH OVER THEIR DEAD BODIES. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. i. i. 1 Samuel 31:4. The rest of the nation was ripe for total conquest by the Philistines. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Saul Takes His Life (). Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. ! Since many different events take place at the same time, there is no way the network can cover all events simultaneously. The inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead — They lived on the other side of Jordan; for the people on this side were fled. (1 Samuel 31:1). In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (. was the location of the Israeli army camp (1 Samuel 28:4), meaning that the battle turned so badly for Israel that they were in full retreat back to their own camp. The events of this chapter are parallel to 1 Chronicles 10. . Saul's defeat and death. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. Saul's defeat and death. 1 Samuel 31 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. 1-samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. Read 1 Samuel 31 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent word throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. the temple of their idols and among the people. 1 Samuel 31:8-10 . Notes: 1. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. 8, 9. on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen--On discovering the corpses of the slaughtered princes on the battlefield, the enemy reserved them for special indignities. To proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Many years before Saul delivered their city from the Ammonites (1 Samuel 11:1-11), and they repaid the kindness God showed them from the hand of Saul. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by E.W. All the valiant men arose, and went all night — To avoid discovery. Instead of taking his fear to the LORD Saul made things worse by seeking God’s voice through a spirit medium. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. The inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead: These valiant men are also recognized for their gratitude. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. The book is about how confinement affected the lives of those interned in Shantung Compound, an old church encampment hardly suited for the task, when the Japanese overran China during the Second World War and all western foreigners residing in China were interned there. But the marvels of modern communication provide a solution: one event is covered live as it is taking place, while the other events are video taped. : This was the ultimate insult against Saul. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. b. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 3:1-21 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. a. God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. The battle became fierce against Saul. They died by one and the same sword--the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord's servants at Nob. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. This chapter picks up the story of Saul from 1 Samuel 28. CHAPTER 31. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). i. Saul’s sin, hardened rebellion, and eventual ruin affected far more than himself and even his immediate family. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be blameless for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. 1 Samuel 31:1 "Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa." Proud member Upon taking the throne David rightly thanked these valiant men for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). 7. the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley--probably the valley of Jezreel--the largest and southernmost of the valleys that run between Little Hermon and the ridges of the Gilboa range direct into the Jordan valley. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. Many years before Saul delivered their city from the Ammonites (1 Samuel 11:1-11), and they repaid the kindness God showed them from the hand of Saul. 1 Samuel Chapter 31 summary began with a great battle between the Philistines and Israel. for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). Lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me — He was afraid they might put him to some ignominious death, or make sport with him, as they did with Samson. “It is a very solemn thought! However, that officer refused to do so. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. . And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent, throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them, : The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those, fled in terror before the Philistines. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. The spirit Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. With the Philistine army occupying territory. i. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. : In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). b. Saul’s sons: Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. Doing Things God’s Way – 1 Samuel 30:1-31 (David fights the Amalekites) The Bitter End – 1 Samuel 31:1-13 (Saul takes his life) About RayFowler.org. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. : Tragically, Saul’s sons were affected in the judgment of God against their father Saul. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 3. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. Saul’s death was used to glorify pagan gods and to mock the living God. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 31:1 YHWH's presence was with David but not with Saul. a. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. Introduction. and all his men, that same day together--his servants or bodyguard ( 1 Chronicles 10:6 ). When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. 11-13. the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which the Philistines had done--Mindful of the important and timely services Saul had rendered them, they gratefully and heroically resolved not to suffer such indignities to be inflicted on the remains of the royal family. At the end of his life Saul became so hard in sin that he did not want to repent. Welcome! In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Complete Concise Chapter Contents. They consecrated the armor of the king and his sons to the temple of Ashtaroth fastened their bodies on the temple of Shen, while they fixed the royal heads ignominiously in the temple of Dagon ( 1 Chronicles 10:10 ); thus dividing the glory among their several deities. The Philistines fought against Israel, and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. 1 Samuel 31:1. 2 The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua() 3 The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they wounded him critically Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). 1 Samuel 31:1-7 . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. of A battle in Mount Gilboa between Israel and the Philistines; in which the former are defeated, and Saul's three sons slain, 1 Samuel 31:1, 1 Samuel 31:2.Saul, being mortally wounded, and afraid to fall alive into the hands of the Philistines, desires his armor-bearer to despatch him; which he refusing, Saul falls on his sword, and his armor-bearer does the same, 1 Samuel 31:3-6. : This was a great defeat. I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead. When David heard of Saul’s death, he did not rejoice. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons: Tragically, Saul’s sons were affected in the judgment of God against their father Saul. ii. It was probably resorted to on this occasion to prevent all risk of the Beth-shanites coming to disinter the royal remains for further insult. Salem Media Group. 1 Samuel 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers.
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